China Works Museum

The Nantgarw China Works Trust is a charitable trust which preserves for all those who recognise the importance of Nantgarw porcelain in the history of ceramic manufacturing, the historical, architectural and constructional heritage of the buildings at Nantgarw and promotes interest in Nantgarw porcelain.

marble_gold Nantgarw-Pottery kiln pipe-shop

Nantgarw China Works is the only surviving 19th century porcelain works in Great Britain. Between the years 1813-14 and again in 1817-20, the finest porcelain of its day was produced by William Billingsley (1758-1828), one of the most remarkable porcelain painters and manufacturers of his time.

The pottery was established at Nantgarw in the year 1813. It was located on the outskirts of the village alongside the Glamorgan canal. This secluded spot had its advantages -  coal was plentiful and living expenses were cheap. There was a mill nearby for grinding purposes. The canal provided convenient transport to Cardiff and its thriving shipping port.

With financial aid from William Weston Young, a local business man, William Billingsley and his son in law, Samuel Walker, produced what was to become world renowned porcelain which was desired for its translucency and fine glaze. In October 2014 the pottery closed through a lack of finances. Billingsley, with his family, moved to Swansea where, with the help of Lewis Weston Dillwyn at the Cambrian factory, he continued his experiments in the production of soft paste porcelain.

William Billingsley and Lewis Weston Dillwyn soon found that they disagreed on the recipe for the porcelain body. Dillwyn took a financial point of view and was not happy with the high failure rate in the kiln, whilst Billingsley, as always, was still looking for perfection.

It was in December 1816 that William Billingsley returned to Nantgarw and was followed in September 1817 by his daughter Lavinia and Samuel Walker.

It is in this period that the majority of Nantgarw porcelain was produced. Such was the quality of the porcelain the London decorating shops, where the majority was decorated, clamoured to purchase all they could of Billingsley’s Nantgarw porcelain. Unfortunately the wastage that was experienced at Swansea still persisted and in April of 1820 Billingsley and Walker, without funds to sustain themselves and the business, left Nantgarw and the production of porcelain ended.

The pottery then fell into the hands of William Weston Young who, along with others, had invested a large amount of money in the venture. Weston Young turned to Thomas Pardoe of Bristol, a decorator he had met earlier at the Swansea Pottery, to finish the undecorated porcelain left behind by Billingsley.

Some of the finest examples of Nantgarw porcelain were decorated by Thomas Pardoe and he continued to decorate up until the closing of the factory. The sale was held on the 28th day of October 1822.

Much less decorating was done by  William Billingsley so those he did are very sought after. His main concern was in perfecting the development and production of the porcelain.

Pictured right is a reproduction of one of the original kilns

Pictured left is where thousands of clay pipes were made


                 Opening Times

Wednesday to Sunday 10.00 am – 4.00 pm